HS2 to harness 3D printed graphene reinforced concrete

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3d concrete printing

HS2 is deploying ‘Printfrastructure’, a 3D reinforced concrete printing technology, to help cut carbon on the project by up to 50%

The 3D reinforced concrete printing technology, called ‘Printfrastructure’, will be deployed by HS2 Ltd’s London tunnels contractor SCS JV (Skanska Costain STRABAG Joint Venture).

Printing concrete with computer-operated robots will allow SCS JV to make structures on-site, instead of transporting them as pre-cast slabs by road before being assembled and lowered into place by large cranes.

Using a computer-controlled robot enables the reinforced concrete structures to be printed with a strengthening unique internal lattice structure, which not only significantly reduces the quantity of concrete required but also cuts waste.

The breakthrough is underlined by technology developed by SCS JV’s Worcestershire-based partner, ChangeMaker 3D. Working with UK advanced materials specialist, Versarien, the SME’s innovation takes the 3D concrete printing process and combines it with the strongest material ever tested: graphene.

Concrete with microscopic strands of graphene only several atoms thick running through it like stripes in a stick of rock replaces traditional steel to help drive improved site safety, greater construction flexibility, shorter build time, and a smaller carbon footprint.

SCS JV estimates that the process it is developing with ChangeMaker 3D could reduce the concrete used and contribute toward reducing carbon by up to 50%.

‘A UK first’

HS2 innovation manager Rob Cairns, said: “The project SCS JV and ChangeMaker 3D are collaborating on is a fantastic demonstration of the kind of far-reaching innovations HS2 enables.

“With a build programme spanning the decade and across the country, the project is creating an ideal environment to develop technologies with the potential to transform how major infrastructure is built.”

SCS JV temporary works manager, Andrew Duck, commented: “Automation enabled by Printfrastructure’s 3D reinforced concrete printing creates a factory-like environmental that delivers a high-quality product that both increases efficient use of materials, and reduces our carbon footprint.

“It is important that we give technologies such as Printfrastructure the opportunity to flourish because of the possibilities it offers the industry to make a step change in how projects are delivered.”

ChangeMaker 3D director Natalie Wadley, added: “ChangeMaker 3D stands for sustainability in the built environment.

“Through our Printfrastructure innovation project with SCS JV – a UK first for this technology – and together with brilliant project partners, we are proud to support the rail sector to unlock lower carbon construction.”

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