The complexity of facades and the risks involved

Facade consultant

Clive Everett, Premier Guarantee’s Facades Technical Standards Director, discusses the importance of facade specialists in today’s construction market and what risks are involved with these complex systems

In the last 10-15 years, the building industry has gone through a multitude of changes that have impacted the role of facades and its growth in the construction industry. Some of these influences are driven by:

  • Advances in manufacturing and material technology.
  • Pressure to reduce project duration by using different construction methods.
  • Environmental concerns.
  • Aesthetics.

No longer consisting of simple building elements, modern facades utilise new materials in increasingly complex systems and these are being assembled in untested combinations with other modern methods of construction (MMC), as well as traditional wall types.  Untested, unique and bespoke building interface arrangements have an increased risk of one or more of their performance parameters failing.

Modern Methods of Construction: Risks

  • More components.
  • More interfaces.
  • Less historic data/testing/familiarity.
  • More complexity of design and geometry.

Unravelling the complexities of modern facades and ensuring that the facade is considered holistically rather than elementally has become a specialism, and facade consultants are now often required on many projects. The role of the facade consultant is to ensure that both the aesthetic and performance requirements of the facade are met during the design and installation stages. It is important that a facade consultant with the appropriate level of expertise and diversity of experience for the project is selected.

Finding a specialist contractor that can complete all elements of a facade is difficult – and in some cases impossible. As a consequence, building envelopes are frequently divided up in to smaller packages. However, there comes a point when having too many specialist contractors becomes detrimental. Using a rainscreen wall as an example, we frequently see these packages being broken up into layers of: rainscreen and insulation; cement particle board; structural framing system (SFS); vapour control layer and plasterboard etc, with each layer being installed by different specialist contractors. This creates a multitude of conflicts and split design responsibilities within the ‘standard’ through wall element alone. Subsequently, these issues are multiplied several-fold as soon as this construction hits an interface.

The short-term savings generated by the splitting up of facade packages can quickly be eroded by extra management costs, site delays, additional costs from missed interface elements, etc. The risk of longer-term (legacy) failures is rarely factored in when savings are tabled during the pre-construction phase; the ‘cost to remediate’ for legacy issues are many times more expensive than the original installation costs.

There are many reasons a facade can fail, all of which are avoidable, but to have any chance of mitigating failures, the way that the specialist contractor packages are divided up needs to be carefully considered and it must be done giving due consideration to the capabilities of the specialist contractors that have been selected for tender.

Modern buildings are required to have much reduced air permeability, greater U-values and better waterproofing. To do this, they rely heavily on gaskets, sealants, tapes and membranes. At junctions and interfaces, it is critically important that these elements are detailed and installed correctly, and that the different specialist contractors coordinate their work.

When properly managed and designed, Modern Methods of Construction can offer economic, rapid and robust solutions that were unobtainable with traditional methods.

Top tips for avoiding failure with facades

With such a high percentage of building failures being attributed to their facades during a building’s lifetime, we have provided a few key tips to help avoid failure from the outset. Some may seem obvious but are also imperative when deciding on the different elements and installation of the facade.

Facade consultant

  • Keep the number of specialist contractors to a minimum.
  • Ensure contracts provide clarity on design responsibilities and scope, with particular emphasis on interfaces.
  • When considering savings that may be offered/proposed at the pre-construction stage, question whether these savings have the potential to generate costs in the longer term (risk assess).
  • Diarise regular design team meetings with all specialist facade contractors present.
  • Engage suitably experienced facade package managers and facade consultants.
  • Test unusual/untried interface details offsite.
  • Agree robust QA procedures prior to starting onsite.
  • Construct quality and installation reference benchmark areas onsite that include examples of both the standard and non-standard details/arrangements.
  • Site test 5% of all interface waterproofing details.



Clive Everett

Facades Technical Standards


Premier Guarantee

Tel: +44 (0)800 107 8446

Twitter: @PG_Live


Please note: this is a commercial profile.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here