Accessible housing refers to the construction or modification (through renovation or home modification) of housing to enable independent living for persons with disabilities.
Accessibility is achieved through architectural design, but also by integrating accessibility features such as modified furniture, shelves and cupboards, or even electronic devices in the home.
The UK applies the most widespread application of accessible housing to date. In 1999, Parliament passed Section M, an amendment to residential building regulations requiring basic access in all new homes.
Access is typically defined within the limits of what a person sitting in a wheelchair is able to reach with arm movement only, with minimal shifting of the legs and torso. Lighting and thermostat controls should not be above and power outlets should not be below the reach of a person in a wheelchair.